Good practice was established by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA). X stands for a specific field, which includes manufacturing (GMP), Laboratory (GLP), and Distribution (GDP). These guidelines ensure that industries produce products that are safe and have no harm when used by humans. The whole process of production should adhere to the GxP guidelines. GxP validation services should be unique and to the standard.
The 5 Ps of GxP
The main elements of the 5 Ps are:
- Have well-explained roles and responsibilities
- Ensure to follow all procedures
- Are trained and assessed
- Are all documented and recorded
- Must follow all vital processes
- If there’s any deviation, it must be reported
- Follow methods which include sampling, status control, etc
- Have specifications how the whole products should be produced until finished
Premises & Equipment
- Are designed such that there won’t be any cross-contamination
- Are calibrated to enable schedules and records
- Are well defined
- Critical steps identified and followed
Good Distribution Practice (GDP)
For any person or company to legally supply, sell, export, or import medicines, they must have a wholesale distribution authorization license. GDP helps those involved in distribution to navigate the supply chain, which is very complex easily. Factories, warehouses, suppliers, retailers, and distribution centers must be looked into keenly. These guidelines ensure that distribution aspects are followed strictly, including; purchasing, storage, transportation, repackaging, labeling, documentation, and record-keeping.
Good Laboratory Practice (GLP)
GLP ensures that the test data is of high-quality so that the humans and the environment are protected for a more comfortable sharing of data between countries. The guidelines ensure safety in
- Industrial chemicals
- Veterinary drugs
- Food additives and feed additives
These items are human-made, and testing them ensures that they expose no risks to human health and the environment. The laboratory used must meet certain standards, including procedures and equipment used. Again, every study in the laboratory must follow certain conditions from planning to reporting.
Good Manufacturing Practice (GMP)
Any company manufacturing human medicine must have a manufacturer license to show that they are legal. Companies that are granted the manufacturer’s license must pass regular inspections. This ensures that those buying medicine from the shelf can fully trust them. GMP guidelines ensure that the products are packaged and labeled perfectly and have all the ingredients required and no contamination.
Good Clinical Practice (GCP)
GCP ensures that trial subjects aren’t exposed to any harm, and all their rights are protected. It’s an international standard set to guide clinical trials from designing to reporting them. The GCP guidelines ensure that all involved in clinical trials are qualified physicians. Also, all the information about the trial subjects must be kept confidential.
Despite the benefits of the product, GCP allows the risks of the products to be known. All the information about clinical trials is recorded for easier verification when needed. The information is produced under sound scientific proof.
Anyone becomes sick once in a while in their lifetime. Good practice in the pharmaceutical industry ensures that the medicine manufactured is safe for human health and the environment. GxP enables people to trust any medication they purchase, even over the counter. GxP guidelines ensure that from manufacturing to distribution, every product is safe.